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An oxygen plant is an industrial system used by industries for generation of oxygen for commercial purposes. It is based on the process cycle of Linde & Claude, which was developed in 1930. This technique has since been greatly improved upon. It is still the most widely used process in the fabricating oxygen and nitrogen plants. Actually, this process is used in plants that are manufactured using cryogenic distillation technology. Most of the reputed oxygen plant manufacturers use the cryogenic distillation technological process for constructing their machinery.
Oxygen plants fabricated using the cryogenic technologies are used for producing oxygen on a large scale with a high purity. The same technology is employed for manufacturing nitrogen plants that produce nitrogen with purity of 99.99%, which meets most of the industrial and medical specifications. Oxygen generated in such plants has purity up to 99.7%, which meets the commercial and medical specifications. Both oxygen and nitrogen are used in wide range of industrial and medical applications. In fact, nitrogen is called as the most industrial consumed gas and oxygen is called as the 2nd largest industrially consumed gas.
All major oxygen gas plant manufacturers fabricate the plants using the best materials. Many of the manufacturers use high grade stainless steel in the fabricating. You will find that some reputed ones also use leak-proof argon welding in the construction of oxygen plants. They source all material used in the fabricating of oxygen and nitrogen plants from the approved vendors only. They use the best available technology in the making of oxygen nitrogen plants. Most of the reputed oxygen plant suppliers use the same technology which is used by the leading industrial gas plant manufacturers in Europe and the US. For example, there are numerous oxygen plant suppliers in India offering machinery at par with the best in the world at competitive process.
An oxygen plant comprises of an air compressor, molecular sieve purification system, expander and air separation column. Oxygen is produced through liquefaction of atmospheric air in the air separation unit. The feed air enters the molecular sieve purification system where impurities like moisture, carbon dioxide and hydrocarbons are removed. The air, then, moves through heat exchangers where it is cooled to cryogenic temperatures. The air gets separated into vaporous nitrogen at the top of the column and crude form of oxygen at the bottom upon entering the high pressure distillation column. The crude oxygen is collected and is directed into the low pressure distillation column where it is continuously distilled until it meets the industrial specifications.